Technology is the collective term for any complex and new methods, skills, techniques, and procedures utilized in the creation of products or services, or in the achievement of specific goals, like scientific research. One can speak of technology in different terms Xfinity store near me. In business, it refers to the application of particular techniques in business activities. It may be concerned with physical technologies or non-physical technologies. Technologists deal with the science of technology.
The twenty-first century will mark the beginning of a new era in human knowledge and the rise of science and technology. Schatzberg’s notion of technological change can be seen in twenty-first century technology. He believed that there was a distinct lag between actual and potential technological change, and that during this lag the society had been conditioned by science to accept accepted as fact many technological innovations that were not scientifically meaningful. Consequently, technology did not contribute to the growth of the nation.
On the contrary, Schatzberg conceived a more dynamic relationship between science and technology, especially in the social and cultural context. He maintained that technology could enhance the material means of life, and at the same time, it could also suppress the means of life. This concept received strong support from Wundt, who pointed out the existence of certain limits to technological change. For instance, according to him, “the first significant modification of machinery since the industrial revolution was the introduction of machinery into the domestic workshop”. He further added that it was not possible to alter people’s thoughts about their work, because “these persons have been used to performing work according to the circumstances of the moment, irrespective of circumstances”.
Schatzberg’s ideas were later refined by the German linguist Julius Glaser, who developed the term Positive Ecological Thought (PEIT), which described technological change that increased the value of the human enterprise. Positive Ecological Thought considered the primary objective of technological change to be environmental sustainability. According to this view, technological change should be viewed as an important driver of changes in society and the environment. These changes should enhance the richness of life, as well as create positive environmental impacts.
Another strand of thought that underlies Schatzberg’s and Glaser’s positive ecological thesis is the cultural approach. According to the cultural approach, technology can either displace or integrate cultures and individuals. According to the cultural approach, different groups of people living in different environments will discover and find certain ways of using technological innovations to improve their lives and the environment. The strength and weaknesses of the technological system can then be interpreted as a result of the different cultural approaches to life.
In his book Science and Culture, American philosopher John Locke criticized the dominant conception of technology as something that only benefits the interests of the rich and powerful. In his view, “the world made great things for itself”, and as a result, “the poor have little to fear from the possession of inventions”. On the other hand, according to the cultural approach, technological innovations create conditions for social interaction and economic development. For instance, John Locke implied that by creating machinery, the aristocrats improved the condition of the laboring classes, while the poor were also helped by improvements in education and political life.